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Language Development

How Certain Parts of Language Relate to both Nature and Nurture

Language broken down


Phonetics & Phonology

Phonetics is the study of the sounds of speech as physical and psychological events. Phonology is abstract representation in perception and production for all human languages. The non-nativist, primarily Emergent’s view would be that Phonology is not a separate discipline and can be completely explained in environmental and psychological terms. Nativists believe that phonology is completely separate discipline and is not at all explainable by the environment.

Semantics & Lexical Semantics

Semantics is a sub discipline of languages that is characterized by the relationship between meaning and formal logic

Lexical Semantics is the relationship between meanings and actual words.

Non- nativists support the argument that there is a relation ship between word and sentences meanings and the grammar which is applied to it. They promote the idea that one “grows out of the other”. While nativist promote the view that they are independent of each other semantics and grammar do not have a relationship


The study of language put in to context how we use language devices

Non-nativists state that pragmatics are a tool which humans use accomplish social tasks. Nativists however have tried to organize aspects of pragmatics into independent groups each group possessing its own innate component or property



How individual words and other sounds come together to communicate meaning.

Nativists believe that grammar is innate and that children set their parameters by choosing their grammar for their particular language they have acquired from a larger group of innate options. Non- nativists agree that children do select “parameters”, but they argue that they are not selected from an innate group but are learned from their environment that they have been exposed to